Basic English Grammar - Learn to Use Tense in language With Example

We will be explaining you verb forms with the help of the verb 'eat'.

In our example:
V1=Eat (Eats for third person singular)
V2= Ate
V3= Eaten


1.Simple Past Tense:

Example:I ate spinach yesterday.
Usage:To indicate past habit- or an action that has already been completed.

Structure: S+V2+O

2.Past Continuous Tense:

I was eating spinach.
Usage:To indicate uncompleted action of the past.

Structure:S+ 'was/were'+ (V+ing)+O

3.Past Perfect Tense:

I had eaten spinach when she arrived.
Usage:The past perfect refers to ati me earlier than be for enow.It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past. It does not matter which event is mentioned first-the tense makes it clear which one happened first.


4.Past Perfect Continuous

I had been eating spinach when she arrived.
Usage:We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.

Structure: S+'hadbeen'+(V+ing)+O


1.Simple Present Tense:

I eat spinach everyday.
Usage:1.To express habits,general truths,repeated action so run changing situations,emotions and wishes.
2.To express fixed arrangements, present or future:
Your exam start sat 09.00


Add-s/-es for third person singular
For eg:She eats spinach everyday.

2.Present Continuous Tense:

I am eating spinach.
Usage:Action taking place in the moment of speaking


3.Present Perfect Tense:

I have eaten all of the spinach.
Usage:The Present Perfect is used to indicate a link between the present and the past.The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself.


4.Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

I have been eating spinach since morning.
Usage:The present perfect continuous refers to an unspecified time between 'before now'and 'now'. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. 

He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and this process may still be going on,or may have just finished.



1.Simple Future Tense:

I will eat spinach tomorrow.
Usage:To indicate an action,condition or circumstance that hasn't happened yet.


2.Future Continuous Tense:

I will be eating spinach.
Usage:To indicate what will be going on sometime in future.


3.Future Prefect Tense:

I will have eaten spinach by the time you arrive.
Usage:To indicate an action that will be complete before another event takes place.


4.Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

I will have been eating spinach for over an hour by the times he arrives.
Usage:Like the future perfect simple,this for misused to project ourselves forward in time and to look back. It refers to events or actions ina time between now and some future time are unfinished.It is most often used with a time expression.


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